Thursday, June 1, 2023

How to Sow, Grow & Harvest Brinjal in India? 

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Brinjal is one of the most traditional tropical vegetables, cultivable pan India. Brinjals come in different cultivars, each differing in terms of shape, size, shape and colour. Moreover, the immature fruits are suitable for making curries and lot many other tasty cuisines. 

This ancient vegetable is a decent source of minerals like phosphorus, vitamins, calcium, iron and other nutritive values. The other best thing about growing brinjal is you can earn on average Rs 1.6 lakhs from one acre of land.

Interested in cultivating Brinjals in India? Ensure you have optimum horsepower Vst Tractor as we discuss some tips to consider while growing brinjals in India.

Technical Factors to Cultivate Brinjal Vegetables

Consider the following factors to sow, grow & harvest high-yielding brinjal vegetables in India.

  1. Climate conditions

Brinjal needs a long warm growing season as it is a warm-season crop. Moreover, this crop is an instant attraction for frosts. So, maintaining a daily temperature between 13-21 degrees C is highly recommended for high-yielding crop production. 

Additionally, the crop shouldn’t be allowed to tolerate temperatures as low as 17 degrees Celsius. You can cultivate this crop equally in the summer & rainy seasons at an elevation of 1200 m above sea level.

  1. Soil requirements

Brinjal requires well-drained and fertile soil. Being a hardy crop, this one is easy to cultivate under any range of soils. Since it’s a long-duration crop, ensure the soil is well-drained and highly fertile. Since it’s a long-duration crop, ensure the soil is well-drained and highly fertile. Experts say crops that grow in sandy soils yield more than clayey soils. Maintaining a ph level between 5.5 – 6.6 is highly recommended for brinjal cultivation.

  1. Land preparation & planting

Bring the field to a fine tilth by providing 4-5 ploughing with optimum horsepower Mahindra Tractor at different intervals. For proper levelling, provide planking to the field. Further, divide the fields into channels & beds for proper sowing. Add well-rotten or decomposed manure during the land preparation process.

  1. Seed rate & treatment

You can somewhere sow 370-500 g seeds on one hectare of land. Moreover, to treat the seeds, adding 2 gm of Trichoderma viridae / T. harzianum per 100 gms of seeds is highly recommended. This chemical will help protect the seeds against fungal diseases or soil-borne infections.

  1. Manure & fertiliser

Consider the fertility of soil & volume of organic manure before deciding upon the fertiliser schedule. In addition, adding 15-20 tonnes of well-decomposed farmyard manure greatly enhances the soil’s profile.

To achieve optimum yield, you must plan a dose of 150 kg N, 100 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O. Apply half dose of N 25 2 and the full dose of P and K during planting. 

Apply the remaining N in 3 equal doses. 

  • Provide the first split dose after 1.5 months from transplanting.
  • Plan the second dose one month after the first application.
  • Provide the 3rd and final dose 3.5 months from transplanting.

Whereas, for hybrid varieties, you must plan:

  • 200 kg N
  • 100 kg P2O5 
  • 100 Kg K2O

Provide 25% of N and 100 % of P & K as basal doses in this dose. In addition, you must apply the remaining 75 % of P in 3 equal doses. Provide the first dose of N 20 days from transplanting. 

  1. Irrigation & watering

You must ensure the root zone is moist throughout the growth cycle. Plan two light watering or irrigation, one on the first day of transplanting and the other on 3rd day of transplanting. For summer seasons, keep the interval of 5-6 days. Whereas, during winter, maintain a gap of 8-10 days.

  1. Harvesting & yield

Depending on the brinjal variety you are growing, the crop is ready to harvest within 120-130 days in India. The vegetable is ready to harvest when the skin is dry and tough, whereas the colour is brown or yellowish. 

You can press the thumb against the Brinjal’s surface. If the vegetable restores back to its original shape, it is still immature and needs more time. For different brinjal varieties, the average yield can range between 20-30 tons per hectare.

 In different parts of India, brinjal is known as:

  • Begun (Bengali)
  • Ringna (Gujarathi)
  • Baingan ( Hindi)
  • Badane (Kannada)
  • Waangum (Kashmiri)
  • Vange ( Marathi)
  • Baigan (Oriya)
  • Vashuthana ( Malayalam)
  • Kathiri (Tamil)
  • Venkaya (Telugu)
  • Peethabhala (Sanskrit). 

Growing this nutritive and health-benefiting vegetable is highly feasible in counterparts of India, with the above tips.

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